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The Armchair Historian Website:
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Fall, Bernard B. Hell in a Very Small Place: The Siege of Dien Bien Phu. Da Capo Press, 1966.
Letters home from Italian volunteer in the French Foreign Legion
Karnow, Stanley. “The Light at the Start of the Tunnel.” The Washington Post. Last modified May 8, 1994.
BBC Radio documentary
French history review (government website)
Who was Colonel Piroth:
Who were the Viet Minh:
All This – Scoring Action by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (
Soviet March by Shane Ivers
licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License:
Piano Trio in E Flat by Franz Shubert
Victoria II Soundtrack